Sunday, June 5, 2016

Support H.R.2539 & S.3197

Page last updated 10/27/17
Why Support H.R.2539 & S.3197
Quiet Communities Act?
House "Quiet Communities Act of 2017"
Senate "Quiet Communities Act of 2016" (expired but can be re-introduced)

States and local governments can't control or research the full impacts of certain technologies coming in from the outside. Corporations are powerful in that they can design and sell products far and wide that aren't always healthy or approved by the people in their region. Noise is moving in on us without our consent and effort needs to be made to reduce impacts of population growth.

Human Health:
Noise is associated with several conditions and diseases. Even if it doesn't wake us up at night, it can still unknowingly increase heart rates and stress hormones (cortisol) during our sleep causing weight, heart, and other conditions (details in citations below).

Anthropogenic noise fills up the sound spectrum on which animals communicate. It also distracts them from their routine of gathering food they need to survive. This reduces their ability to find mates and feed their babies. Less wildlife means less natural resources (free services) we depend on to survive. It's been found that traffic noise alone causes at least a 25% decrease in wildlife (citations below).

We should not restrict our freedoms with more laws, however, it's when people abuse those freedoms that action must be taken. What about our freedom to not be disturbed inside of our homes and our freedom to be healthy? What about our freedom to enjoy our natural spaces which are hard to find even in national parks now? Noise, like other sources of pollution, crosses invisible lines into our homes, private property, and in some cases as a harmful or oppressive weapon. Noise goes against our natural rights laid out by Locke, Nozick, and Thomas Jefferson (citations below).

Social Justice/Civil Rights:
Noise is correlated with lower home values. Lower home values means less tax revenue and depressed neighborhoods. Less tax revenue means less essential services like education. Noise is externalized by the wealthy because the working class lives closer to industry and in denser neighborhoods (citations below).

The Economy:
Poor health and less sleep leads to aggravation and less worker productivity. Noise distracts us from learning and the mental process that grows better contributors of society. Noise mitigation can also create jobs (citations below).

Examples of issues that need to be addressed and can be mitigated (some easily):
-Automobile locking alerts & aggressive honking
-Lawn and garden equipment
-Garbage/sanitation & other industrial machines/vehicles
-Vehicle exhaust noise on all recreation and normal vehicles
-Amplified music systems
-Transport and shipping such as trains and trucks
-Airplane traffic, design, engines, and routes
-Education for gadgets used in public spaces

Do we want a rude culture thoughtlessly or just obliviously disturbing others with noise, or one that is happier and coexists? We choose the latter since we are entering a crowded world and must coexist.

Help make a difference!
1. Find your representative
2. Go to their website /contact link.
3. Also find your senator
4. Call or email them with your story and ask them to cosponsor H.R.2539 or reintroduce S.3197. (H.R.2539 for representatives and S.3197 for senators).
Emailing through their online form is easy! You have no excuse.
5. Use other social media to tweet them or spread the word. Just speak out in a respectful way for awareness.
6. Write corporations, leaders and other policy makers that are related to your situation

To leaders: Please cosponsor or reintroduce H.R.2539 & S.3197 and speak out showing your support for a less rude, less aggravating, healthier, more sustainable future.

Please message, or write us with feedback or questions. @NoiseFreeZone

What is the difference between H.R.2539 and S.3197?

The only difference is H.R.2539 originates in the House of Representatives, and S.3197 originates in the Senate. One is for Senators and the other is for House members. If approved in either Senate or House, the bill is sent to the other to be voted on and if approved again it goes to the president to be signed into law. S.3197 expired in January of 2017 and we must convince our senators to renew it.

H.R. 3384 Quiet Communities Act of 2015 was Introduced 07/29/2015 by Rep. Meng, Grace [D-NY-6] during the 114th congress. It expired and was reintroduced in the 115th congress as H.R.2539.

Many more coming when we get time to do it. By no means is this all that's out there. These are just some we have happened upon our research.


Dzhambov, Angel Mario. "Long-Term Noise Exposure And The Risk For Type 2 Diabetes: A Meta-Analysis." Noise & Health 17.74 (2015): 23-33.

Bluhm, G., and C. Eriksson. "Cardiovascular Effects Of Environmental Noise: Research In Sweden." Noise & Vibration Bulletin (2011): 180.

Eriksson, Charlotta, et al. "Long-Term Aircraft Noise Exposure And Body Mass Index, Waist Circumference, And Type 2 Diabetes: A Prospective Study." Environmental Health Perspectives 122.7 (2014): 687-694.

Foraster, Maria, et al. "High Blood Pressure And Long-Term Exposure To Indoor Noise And Air Pollution From Road Traffic." Environmental Health Perspectives 122.11 (2014): 1193-1200.

Foraster, Maria, et al. "Long-Term Transportation Noise Annoyance Is Associated With Subsequent Lower Levels Of Physical Activity." Environment International 91.(2016): 341-349.
Science for Environment Policy

Fritschi L, Brown AL, Kim R, Schwela DH, Kephalopoulos S. Burden of disease from environmental noise: Quantification of healthy life years lost in Europe. Copenhagen: World Health Organization, Regional Office for Europe; 2011.

Kramer, Bree, Prashant Joshi, and Christopher Heard. "Noise Pollution Levels in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit." Journal of Critical Care (2016).

Oftedal, Bente, et al. "Road Traffic Noise And Markers Of Obesity – A Population-Based Study." Environmental Research 138.(2015): 144-153.

Rojek, Marta, "The effect of aircraft noise on blood pressure and asymptomatic organ damage", Jagiellonian University Medical College in Krakow, Poland, (2016)

Seidler, Andreas, et al. "Myocardial Infarction Risk Due to Aircraft, Road, and Rail Traffic Noise", Deutsches Arzteblatt International, 2016, 113: 407–14. DOI: 10.3238/arztebl.2016.0407

Selander, Jenny, et al. "Saliva Cortisol And Exposure To Aircraft Noise In Six European Countries." Environmental Health Perspectives 117.11 (2009): 1713-1717.

Sørensen, Mette, et al. "Long-Term Exposure To Road Traffic Noise And Incident Diabetes: A Cohort Study." Environmental Health Perspectives 121.2 (2013): 217-222.

Sørensen, Mette, et al. "Road Traffic Noise And Incident Myocardial Infarction: A Prospective Cohort Study." Plos ONE 7.6 (2012): 1-7.

Tabraiz, Shamas et al. “Study of Physio-Psychological Effects on Traffic Wardens due to Traffic Noise Pollution; Exposure-Effect Relation.” Journal of Environmental Health Science and Engineering 13 (2015): 30. PMC. Web. 19 July 2016.

Vienneau, Danielle, et al. "The Relationship Between Transportation Noise Exposure And Ischemic Heart Disease: A Meta-Analysis." Environmental Research 138.(2015): 372-380.

Russell Foster, Debra Skene and Stafford Lightman, "The Science of Sleep: Melatonin to Neural Pathways" (2016),

Roswall, Nina, et all. "Residential exposure to traffic noise and leisure-time sports." International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health. August 2017. Volume 220, Issue 6,, Pages 1006-1013


Björn M., Siemers. "Hunting At The Highway: Traffic Noise Reduces Foraging Efficiency In Acoustic Predators." Proceedings Of The Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 278.1712 (2011): 1646-1652.

Charifi, et al. The sense of hearing in the Pacific oyster, Magallana gigas. PlOS One. 2017.

Derryberry, Elizabeth P., et al. "Patterns Of Song Across Natural And Anthropogenic Soundscapes Suggest That White-Crowned Sparrows Minimize Acoustic Masking And Maximize Signal Content." Plos ONE 11.4 (2016): 1-17.

Dowling, J.L., D.A. Luther, and P.P. Marra. "Comparative Effects Of Urban Development And Anthropogenic Noise On Bird Songs." Behavioral Ecology 23.1 (2012): 201-209.

Francis, Clinton D., Catherine P. Ortega, and Alexander Cruz. "Noise Pollution Changes Avian Communities And Species Interactions." Current Biology 19.16 (2009): 1415-1419.

Francis, Clinton D., et al. "Noise Pollution Alters Ecological Services: Enhanced Pollination And Disrupted Seed Dispersal." Proceedings Of The Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 279.1739 (2012): 2727-2735.

Fuller, Richard A, et al. "Daytime noise predicts nocturnal singing in urban robins", Biology Letters, (2007)

Gonzalez, Alice, "What Does 'Noise Pollution' Mean?", Journal of Enviornmental Protection, (2014)

Hage, Steffen R., et al. "Ambient Noise Causes Independent Changes In Distinct Spectro-Temporal Features Of Echolocation Calls In Horseshoe Bats." Journal Of Experimental Biology 217.14 (2014): 2440-2444.

Kunc, Hansjoerg P., et al. "Anthropogenic Noise Affects Behavior Across Sensory Modalities." American Naturalist 184.4 (2014): E93-E100.

Leonard, Marty L., and Andrew G. Horn. "Does Ambient Noise Affect Growth And Begging Call Structure In Nestling Birds?." Behavioral Ecology 19.3 (2008): 502-507

LUO, JINHONG, BJÖORN M. SIEMERS, and KLEMEN KOSELJ. "How Anthropogenic Noise Affects Foraging." Global Change Biology 21.9 (2015): 3278-3289

McClure, Christopher J. W., et al. "An Experimental Investigation into the Effects of Traffic Noise on Distributions of Birds: Avoiding the Phantom Road." Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, vol. 280, no. 1773, 22 Dec. 2013, pp. 1-9

Meillère Alizée et al, "Traffic noise exposure affects telomere length in nestling house sparrows", Biology Letters (2015)

McIntyre, Emma, Marty L. Leonard, and Andrew G. Horn. "Ambient Noise And Parental Communication Of Predation Risk In Tree Swallows, Tachycineta Bicolor." Animal Behaviour 87.(2014): 85-89.

McLaughlin KE, Kunc HP. "Experimentally increased noise levels change spatial and singing behavior" Biology letters, (2013) 

McLaughlin, Kirsty Elizabeth, and Hansjoerg P. Kunc. "Changes In The Acoustic Environment Alter The Foraging And Sheltering Behaviour Of The Cichlid Amititlania Nigrofasciata." Behavioural Processes 116.(2015): 75-79.

Morris-Drake, Amy, et al. "Cross-modal impacts of anthropogenic noise on information use" Current Biology. (2016)

Nichols, Tye A., Todd W. Anderson, and Ana Širović. "Intermittent Noise Induces Physiological Stress In A Coastal Marine Fish." Plos ONE 10.9 (2015): 1-13.

Proppe, Darren S., et al. "Black-Capped Chickadees Poecile Atricapillus Sing At Higher Pitches With Elevated Anthropogenic Noise, But Not With Decreasing Canopy Cover." Journal Of Avian Biology 43.4 (2012): 325-332.

Schaub, Andrea, Joachim Ostwald, and Björn M. Siemers. "Foraging Bats Avoid Noise." Journal Of Experimental Biology 211.19 (2008): 3174-3180.

Shamoun-Baranes, Judy, et al. "Birds Flee En Mass From New Year’s Eve Fireworks." Behavioral Ecology 22.6 (2011): 1173-1177

SLABBEKOORN, HANS, and ERWIN A. P RIPMEESTER. "Birdsong And Anthropogenic Noise: Implications And Applications For Conservation." Molecular Ecology 17.1 (2008): 72-83.

Voellmy, Irene K., et al. "Acoustic Noise Reduces Foraging Success In Two Sympatric Fish Species Via Different Mechanisms." Animal Behaviour 89.(2014): 191-198. 

Wu, Chung-Huey, Elias, Damian O. "Vibratory noise in anthropogenic habitats and its effect on prey detention as a web-building spider", Animal Behavior (2014) 47-56

Social Justice:
Dale, Laura M., et al. "Socioeconomic Status And Environmental Noise Exposure In Montreal, Canada." BMC Public Health 15.1 (2015): 1-8.

Dzhambov, Angel M., and Donka D. Dimitrova. "Evaluation Of The Social And Economic Burden Of Road Traffic Noise-Attributed Myocardial Infarction In Bulgarian Urban Population

Hajat, Anjum, et al. "Air Pollution And Individual And Neighborhood Socioeconomic Status: Evidence From The Multi-Ethnic Study Of Atherosclerosis (MESA)." Environmental Health Perspectives 121.11/12 (2013): 1325-1333.

Espey, Molly, and Hilary Lopez. "The Impact Of Airport Noise And Proximity On Residential Property Values." Growth & Change 31.3 (2000): 408. 
Padula, Amy M., et al. "Air Pollution, Neighborhood Socioeconomic Factors, And Neural Tube Defects In The San Joaquin Valley Of California." Pediatric & Perinatal Epidemiology 29.6 (2015): 536-545.

Sobotta, Robin R., Heather E. Campbell, and Beverly J. Owens. "Aviation Noise And Environmental Justice: The Barrio Barrier." Journal Of Regional Science 47.1 (2007): 125-154.


Łowicki, Damian, and Sylwia Piotrowska. "Monetary Valuation Of Road Noise. Residential Property Prices As An Indicator Of The Acoustic Climate Quality." Ecological Indicators 52.(2015): 472-479.

Swinburn, Tracy K. et al., "Valuing Quiet: An Economic Assessment of U.S. Environmental Noise as a Cardiovascular Health Hazard", American Journal of Preventive Medicine, (2015) Volume 49 , Issue 3 , 345 - 353

Hafner, Marco, et al. "Later school start times in the U.S.- An economic analysis" Rand Corporation. (2017). 10.7249/RR2109 (less noise = better rest. See above citations)

Beimer, Waldemar. Noise effects and real estate prices: A simultaneous analysis of different noise sources. Volume 54, July 2017, Pages 282-286


Bronzaft, Arline L. "Impact of Noise on Health: The Divide between Policy and Science." Open Journal of Social Sciences. 108-12. (2017)

Uncategorized (modeling techniques and assessments):

Dai, Benlin, et al. "Applying the RLS 90 to Develop an Inland Waterway Traffic Noise Prediction Model in China that Considers Water Surface Influence." Low Frequency Noise, Vibration and Active Control 34.1 (2015): 73-86.

Dehrashid, Seyed Shaho Ahmadi, and Parvin Nassiri. "Traffic noise assessment in the main roads of Sanandaj, Iran." Journal of Low Frequency Noise, Vibration and Active Control 34.1 (2015): 39-48.

de Paiva Vianna, Karina Mary, Maria Regina Alves Cardoso, and Rui Manuel Calejo Rodrigues. "Noise Pollution And Annoyance: An Urban Soundscapes Study." Noise & Health 17.76 (2015): 125-133.

Dolan, Thomas G., and Jess E. Rainey. "Audibility Of Train Horns In Passenger Vehicles." Human Factors 47.3 (2005): 613-629.

Kuehne, Lauren M., Britta L. Padgham, and Julian D. Olden. "The Soundscapes Of Lakes Across An Urbanization Gradient." Plos ONE 8.2 (2013): 1-10.

Han, Lim Ming, et al. "A Stochastic Simulation Framework For The Prediction Of Strategic Noise Mapping And Occupational Noise Exposure Using The Random Walk Approach." Plos ONE 10.4 (2015): 1-28.

Mihajlov, Darko I., and Momir R. Prascevic. "Permanent and Semi-permanent Road Traffic Noise Monitoring in the City of Nis (Serbia)." Journal of Low Frequency Noise, Vibration and Active Control 34.3 (2015): 251-268.

Monazzam, MOHAMMAD REZA, et al. "Spatial Traffic Noise Pollution Assessment – A Case Study." International Journal Of Occupational Medicine & Environmental Health 28.3 (2015): 625-634.

Nassiri, Parvin, et al. "Traffic noise prediction and the influence of vehicle horn noise." Journal of Low Frequency Noise, Vibration and Active Control 32.4 (2013): 285-291.

Nguyen, T.L., et al. "Comparison Of Models To Predict Annoyance From Combined Noise In Ho Chi Minh City And Hanoi." Applied Acoustics 73.9 (2012): 952-959. 

Phan, H.A.T., Yano, T., Phan, H.Y.T., Nishimura1, T., Sato, T., Hashimoto, (2009). Annoyance caused by road traffic noise with and without horn sounds.

T. Sato, T. Yano, M. Bjorkman and R. Rylander, ‘‘Comparison of community response to road  traffic noise in Sweden, Japan and Thailand,’’ Proc. 7th Western Pacific Regional Acoustics Conf., pp. 907–912 (2000).

Zuo, F., Li, Y., Johnson, S., Johnson, J., Varughese, S., Copes, R., Liu, F., Jiang Wu, H., Hou, R., Chen, H. (2014). Temporal and spatial variability of trafficrelated noise in the City of Toronto, Canada. Science of the Total Environment, 472, 1100–1107.

Disclaimer: @NoiseFreeZone is not affiliated with any member of congress. It is a citizen's awareness effort.

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